Disaster risk reduction education in Indonesia: challenges and recommendations for scaling up
- 1Risk Frontiers, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia
- 2Bushfire and Natural Hazard Cooperative Research Centre, East Melbourne 3002, Australia
- 3Institute of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Iceland, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
- 4School of Human, Health and Social Sciences, Central Queensland University, North Rockhampton 4702, Australia
- 5Geospatial and Mathematical Sciences, RMIT, Melbourne 3001, Australia
Abstract. This article investigates the implementation of disaster risk reduction education for children in Indonesia. In the last decade, education programmes related to this subject have been promoted as capable of reducing disaster losses and increasing resilience, based on several studies that have identified positive outcomes. Therefore, it is critical to evaluate and address any potential challenges that might impede their success. The article uses a case study in Jakarta, a rapidly growing megacity that is highly prone to disasters and natural hazards, especially floods and fires, to explore the scaling up and sustainability of disaster risk reduction in Indonesian schools. Based on previous studies, a new approach was developed for evaluating the implementation of education programmes related to these subjects. This study captured the perspectives of children, school personnel, and non-governmental organisations on the challenges of scaling up the implementation of disaster risk reduction education in schools. The study revealed seven key issues and suggests several policy recommendations to move forward. These key issues may also be apparent in many other developing and developed countries, and the suggested recommendations may well be applicable beyond Indonesia.