The European lightning location system EUCLID – Part 2: Observations
- 1Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium
- 2OVE-ALDIS, Vienna, Austria
- 3CESI – Centro Elettrotecnico Sperimentale Italiano spa, Milan, Italy
Abstract. Cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning data from the European Cooperation for Lightning Detection (EUCLID) network over the period 2006–2014 are explored. Mean CG flash densities vary over the European continent, with the highest density of about 6 km−2 yr−1 found at the intersection of the borders between Austria, Italy and Slovenia. The majority of lightning activity takes place between May and September, accounting for 85 % of the total observed CG activity. Furthermore, the thunderstorm season reaches its highest activity in July, while the diurnal cycle peaks around 15:00 UTC. A difference between CG flashes over land and sea becomes apparent when looking at the peak current estimates. It is found that flashes with higher peak currents occur in greater proportion over sea than over land.