Recent trends in daily temperature extremes over southern Montenegro (1951–2010)
- 1Hydrometeorological Service of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro
- 2University of Belgrade, Faculty of Geography, Belgrade, Serbia
- 3Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia
- 4Faculty of Philosophy, Nikšić, Montenegro
Abstract. Montenegro so far has been poorly investigated in terms of climate extremes. The aim of this paper was to analyse the extreme ETCCDI (Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices) temperature indices in the Mediterranean region of Montenegro for the period of 1951–2010. Four stations in the coastal area of Montenegro have been analysed: Herceg Novi, Ulcinj, Budva and Bar. Two periods (before 1980 and after 1980) were separately investigated in this study due to a well-known climate shift that occurred in the late 1970s. Seven indices of temperature extremes have been chosen. The trend was analysed using a Mann–Kendall non-parametric test, while the slope was estimated using Sen's slope estimator. A negative trend has been calculated for cold nights and cold days at almost all stations. The most significant positive trends were obtained for warm conditions. The two separately investigated periods have shown contrasting temperature trends.