Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2018-142
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2018-142
28 May 2018
 | 28 May 2018
Status: this preprint was under review for the journal NHESS but the revision was not accepted.

Development of a methodological framework for the assessment of seismic induced tsunami hazard through uncertainty quantification: application to the Azores-Gibraltar Fracture Zone

Vito Bacchi, Ekaterina Antoshchenkova, Hervé Jomard, Lise Bardet, Claire-Marie Duluc, Oona Scotti, and Hélène Hebert

Abstract. The aim of this study is to show how a numerical database constructed using uncertainty quantification techniques can be a useful tool for the analysis of the tsunamigenic potential of a seismic zone. This methodology mainly relies on the construction and validation of some emulators, or meta-models, used instead of the original models in order to evaluate and quantify the uncertainty and the sensitivity of the tsunamis height at a given location to the seismic source parameters. The proposed approach was tested by building a numerical database of nearly 50 000 tsunamis scenarios generated by the Azores-Gibraltar Fracture Zone (AGFZ) and potentially impacting the French Atlantic Coast. This seismic area was chosen as test-case because of its complexity and the large uncertainty related to its characterization of tsunamigenic earthquake sources. Finally, the tsunami hazard resulting from uncertainty quantification was presented and discussed with respect to the results which can be obtained with a more classical deterministic (or scenario-based) approach. It must be underlined that the results from this study are the illustration of a general methodology through a case study with simplified hypothesis, which is not an operational assessment of tsunami hazard along the French Atlantic Coast.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Vito Bacchi, Ekaterina Antoshchenkova, Hervé Jomard, Lise Bardet, Claire-Marie Duluc, Oona Scotti, and Hélène Hebert
 
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Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Vito Bacchi, Ekaterina Antoshchenkova, Hervé Jomard, Lise Bardet, Claire-Marie Duluc, Oona Scotti, and Hélène Hebert
Vito Bacchi, Ekaterina Antoshchenkova, Hervé Jomard, Lise Bardet, Claire-Marie Duluc, Oona Scotti, and Hélène Hebert

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Short summary
The objective of this paper is to present a new methodology for the analysis of the seismic induced tsunami hazard. The proposed methodology mainly relies on uncertainty quantification techniques and the construction and validation of some emulators, or meta-models, used instead of the original models for the construction of a numerical tsunamis database. The methodology was tested with tsunamis generated by the Azores-Gibraltar Fracture Zone and potentially impacting the French Coast.
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