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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-370
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-370
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  24 Oct 2017

24 Oct 2017

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This preprint has been withdrawn by the authors.

Discovering the differential and gendered consequences of natural disasters on the gender gap in life expectancy in Southeast Asia

Marshal Q. Murillo and Shukui Tan Marshal Q. Murillo and Shukui Tan
  • College of Public Administration, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 4300 74, P. R. China

Abstract. Generally, the country and the population at risk experience the consequences of natural disasters differently and disproportionately. Likewise, the negative impacts of the natural disaster on the population are not gender-neutral. This article explores the relationship of the negative consequences of natural disasters on the difference of gender gap in life expectancy in Southeast Asia. Using the regional data set over the period 1995 to 2011, we analyzed the influence of the natural disaster magnitude, i.e. number of disaster-related casualties, and the interaction with women's socioeconomic and political rights, and the country’s vulnerability and exposure to climate change impacts on the gender gap in life expectancy, i.e. ratio of female to male life expectancy. The study produced three important findings. First, Southeast Asian women's life expectancy is more likely to decrease on average compared to that of men as the magnitude of natural disaster increases. Second, lower women's socioeconomic and political conditions are associated with the gender difference in life expectancy as the magnitude of natural disaster increases. Lastly, country's higher level of exposure and vulnerability to climate change impacts are associated with the negative influence of natural disasters on the women's life expectancy more than that of men. Taken together, our study concluded that lower women's socioeconomic and political conditions, as well as country's higher climate change-related vulnerabilities, are likely to pose a collective threat to women's overall well-being more than that of men.

This preprint has been withdrawn.

Marshal Q. Murillo and Shukui Tan

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AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Marshal Q. Murillo and Shukui Tan

Marshal Q. Murillo and Shukui Tan

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Short summary
This research article explored the relationship of the negative consequences of natural disasters on the gender gap in life expectancy in Southeast Asia. Using the regional data set over the period of 1995 to 2011, we employed random effects estimation method. We discovered that lower socioeconomic and political developments, as well as the countries' level of exposure and risks from the impacts of climate change, provide a disproportionate impact on Southeast Asian women's life expectancy.
This research article explored the relationship of the negative consequences of natural...
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