Articles | Volume 8, issue 2
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 213–221, 2008
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-8-213-2008
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 213–221, 2008
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-8-213-2008

  13 Mar 2008

13 Mar 2008

Kinematic landslide monitoring with Kalman filtering

M. Acar, M. T. Ozludemir, S. Erol, R. N. Celik, and T. Ayan M. Acar et al.
  • Istanbul Technical University, Division of Geodesy, Istanbul Turkey

Abstract. Landslides are serious geologic disasters that threat human life and property in every country. In addition, landslides are one of the most important natural phenomena, which directly or indirectly affect countries' economy. Turkey is also the country that is under the threat of landslides. Landslides frequently occur in all of the Black Sea region as well as in many parts of Marmara, East Anatolia, and Mediterranean regions. Since these landslides resulted in destruction, they are ranked as the second important natural phenomenon that comes after earthquake in Turkey. In recent years several landslides happened after heavy rains and the resulting floods. This makes the landslide monitoring and mitigation techniques an important study subject for the related professional disciplines in Turkey. The investigations on surface deformations are conducted to define the boundaries of the landslide, size, level of activity and direction(s) of the movement, and to determine individual moving blocks of the main slide.

This study focuses on the use of a kinematic deformation analysis based on Kalman Filtering at a landslide area near Istanbul. Kinematic deformation analysis has been applied in a landslide area, which is located to the north of Istanbul city. Positional data were collected using GPS technique. As part of the study, conventional static deformation analysis methodology has also been applied on the same data. The results and comparisons are discussed in this paper.

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