Articles | Volume 23, issue 5
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-1911-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-1911-2023
Research article
 | 
25 May 2023
Research article |  | 25 May 2023

Earthquake hazard characterization by using entropy: application to northern Chilean earthquakes

Antonio Posadas, Denisse Pasten, Eugenio E. Vogel, and Gonzalo Saravia

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Latest update: 15 Jun 2024
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Short summary
In this paper we understand an earthquake from a thermodynamics point of view as an irreversible transition; then it must suppose an increase in entropy. We use > 100 000 earthquakes in northern Chile to test the theory that Shannon entropy, H, is an indicator of the equilibrium state. Using variation in H, we were able to detect major earthquakes and their foreshocks and aftershocks, including the 2007 Mw 7.8 Tocopilla earthquake and 2014 Mw 8.1 Iquique earthquake.
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