Articles | Volume 19, issue 3
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 589–610, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-589-2019
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 589–610, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-589-2019

Research article 20 Mar 2019

Research article | 20 Mar 2019

Exposure-based risk assessment and emergency management associated with the fallout of large clasts at Mount Etna

Sara Osman et al.

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Latest update: 02 Dec 2021
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Short summary
The fallout of large clasts (> 5 cm) from the margins of eruptive plumes can damage local infrastructure and severely injure people close to the volcano. Even though this potential hazard has been observed at many volcanoes, it has often been overlooked. We present the first hazard and risk assessment of large-clast fallout from eruptive plumes and use Mt Etna (Italy) as a case study. The use of dedicated shelters in the case of an explosive event that occurs with no warning is also evaluated.
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