Articles | Volume 19, issue 10
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 2183–2205, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-2183-2019
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 2183–2205, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-2183-2019
Research article
09 Oct 2019
Research article | 09 Oct 2019

Environmental controls on surf zone injuries on high-energy beaches

Bruno Castelle et al.

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Short summary
For the first time we explore the influence of environmental conditions (wave and weather conditions, tide elevation, and beach morphology) on surf zone injuries (e.g. drowning incidents, spine injuries). Serious injuries are caused by the two primary hazards found along high-energy surf beaches: shore-break waves and narrow seaward-flowing rip currents, which have different environmental controls. Results have strong implications for future beach safety management and education of beach users.
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