Development of a decision support system for tsunami evacuation: application to the Jiyang District of Sanya city in China
- 1National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, Beijing 100081, China
- 2Key Laboratory of Research on Marine Hazards Forecasting, State Oceanic Administration, Beijing 100081, China
- 3College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
- 4Beijing Laboratory of Water Resource Security, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
Abstract. Major tsunami disasters often cause great damage in the first few hours following an earthquake. The possible severity of such events requires preparations to prevent tsunami disasters or mitigate them. This paper is an attempt to develop a decision support system for rapid tsunami evacuation for local decision makers. Based on the numerical results database of tsunami disasters, this system can quickly obtain the tsunami inundation and travel time. Because numerical models are calculated in advance, this system can reduce decision-making time. Population distribution, as a vulnerability factor, was analyzed to identify areas of high risk for tsunami disasters. Combined with spatial data, this system can comprehensively analyze the dynamic and static evacuation process and identify problems that negatively impact evacuation, thus supporting the decision-making for tsunami evacuation in high-risk areas. When an earthquake and tsunami occur, this system can rapidly obtain the tsunami inundation and travel time and provide information to assist with tsunami evacuation operations.