Articles | Volume 16, issue 10
Review article
10 Oct 2016
Review article |  | 10 Oct 2016

The Bosna River floods in May 2014

Andrej Vidmar, Lidija Globevnik, Maja Koprivšek, Matej Sečnik, Katarina Zabret, Blažo Đurović, Darko Anzeljc, Janez Kastelic, Mira Kobold, Mojca Sušnik, Darko Borojevič, Tarik Kupusović, Esena Kupusović, Anja Vihar, and Mitja Brilly

Abstract. In May 2014, extreme floods occurred in the lower Sava River basin, causing major damage, with catastrophic consequences. Based on the data gathered, the weather situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina's (BiH) Bosna River basin was analysed and the hydrological conditions were provided, including the results of the probability analysis of the size of the recorded precipitation and flow rates. According to the observed data, extremely high precipitation intensities produced specific discharges of 1.0 m3 s−1 km−2. A hydrological model of the Bosna River basin was developed using HBV light for the purposes of reconstructing and forecasting such events more effectively. All analyses confirmed that the May 2014 event was an extreme extraordinary event whose return period greatly exceeds 100 years. The study is the basis for further flood safety measures and flood forecast development in the Bosna River basin.

Short summary
Devastating floods are a rare and unique phenomenon that prompts an in-depth hydrological analysis. The paper addresses the May 2014 flooding of the Bosna River. In May 2014, flooding occurred as a consequence of precipitation that continuously fell for several days over the Sava River and its lower reach tributaries in the territories of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia. The precipitation in some places exceeded a 5000-year return period and discharges a 100-year return period.
Final-revised paper