Articles | Volume 16, issue 6
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 1465–1472, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-1465-2016
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 1465–1472, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-1465-2016

Research article 21 Jun 2016

Research article | 21 Jun 2016

Global distribution of winter lightning: a threat to wind turbines and aircraft

Joan Montanyà et al.

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Short summary
Lightning is one of the major threats to modern multi-megawatt wind turbines and a concern for new generation of aircraft. Both wind turbines and aircraft can initiate lightning and very favourable conditions for lightning initiation occur in winter thunderstorms. Moreover, winter thunderstorms are characterized for producing very energetic lightning. In this paper we present the global winter lightning activity. Japan, US, Mediterranean, Argentina and New Zealand are the most active areas.
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