Articles | Volume 14, issue 4
Research article 10 Apr 2014
Research article | 10 Apr 2014
Ultra low frequency (ULF) electromagnetic anomalies associated with large earthquakes in Java Island, Indonesia by using wavelet transform and detrended fluctuation analysis
F. Febriani et al.
No articles found.
M. Parrot, V. Tramutoli, Tiger J. Y. Liu, S. Pulinets, D. Ouzounov, N. Genzano, M. Lisi, K. Hattori, and A. Namgaladze
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.,
Revised manuscript not acceptedShort summary
Since tens of years perturbations have been observed in the ionosphere prior to earthquakes (between a few hours and a few days before). But the mechanism to understand how the earthquake preparation in a seismic area can induce a change in the ionosphere is the subject of intense debate. In this paper we present various atmospheric and ionospheric perturbations observed prior to large earthquakes in order to support a model of coupling between the lithosphere, the atmosphere, and the ionosphere.
C. H. Chen, H. L. Hsu, S. Wen, T. K. Yeh, F. Y. Chang, C. H. Wang, J. Y. Liu, Y. Y. Sun, K. Hattori, H. Y. Yen, and P. Han
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 597–604,