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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-301
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-301
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  08 Oct 2020

08 Oct 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Geophysical and geotechnical factors in urban planing: Bursa (Nilüfer, Osmangazi, and Yildirim) cases

Ferhat Özçep1, Guldane Boyraz2, Okan Tezel1, Hakan Alp1, Nuray Alpaslan3, and Savaş Karabulut4 Ferhat Özçep et al.
  • 1İstanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Department of Geophysics, Buyukcekmece, Istanbul
  • 2Istanbul University, Institute of Graduate Studies, Beyazıt, Istanbul
  • 3Batman University, Department of Civil Engineering, Batman, Istanbul
  • 4TMMOB Jeofizik Mühendisleri Odası, Istanbul Şubesi, Istanbul

Abstract. The study area covers the Central of Bursa, Osmangazi, Yildirim, Gürsü, Kestel and Nilüfer District boundaries in Bursa. The seismic process deals with the occurrence of an earthquake event and the process of wave propagation from the source to the site. Local amplification caused by surficial soft soils is a significant factor in destructive earthquake motion. In the first phase of this study, it is investigated the ground motion level and soil amplifications for Bursa city. For his aim, probabilistic and deterministic earthquake hazard analysis (including acceleration estimations) will be carried out for the region. Local amplification caused by surficial soft soils is a significant factor in destructive earthquake motion. In the first phase of this study, it is investigated the ground motion level and soil acharacterization for the region. For his aim, probabilistic earthquake hazard analysis (including acceleration estimations) was carried out for the region. Then, soil shear wave velocities were estimated from data obtained by MASW measurements. Soil liquefaction is a natural event in which the strength and stiffness of a soil are reduced by earthquake vibrations or other dynamic loadings. As it is known, liquefaction occurs in saturated soils, that is, soils in which the space between individual particles is completely filled with water. One of liquefaction evaluation methods is based on the cyclic stress approach. In this method, a safety factor is defined as CRR/CSR. CRR is a cyclic resistance ratio that represents soil liquefaction susceptibility, and CSR is the cyclic stress ratio that represents the earthquake effect. In the second phase of this study, possible soil potential index (PL) and ground induced settlements were estimated by using Isihara ve Yoshimine (1990) approach. All results on liquefaction potential index (Pl), liquefaction induced settlements and soil shear wave velocities in Bursa (Turkey) City were compared with each other. Finally, a seismic microzonation map was prepared by the integration of geophysical and geotechnical data for urban planning purposes.

Ferhat Özçep et al.

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Ferhat Özçep et al.

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