Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-381
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-381
23 Nov 2017
 | 23 Nov 2017
Status: this discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS). The manuscript was not accepted for further review after discussion.

Tree-ring response to the 1995 Mw 7.2 Kobe earthquake, southwest Japan

Sujian Lin and Aiming Lin

Abstract. The 1995 Mw 7.2 Kobe earthquake produced an ~ 18 km-long surface rupture zone with a maximum right-lateral displacement of ~ 1.8 m along the pre-existing active Nojima Fault in southwest Japan. Field investigations showed that the co-seismic surface ruptures caused severe damage to trees, some of which survived the disaster during the past twenty years along the co-seismic fault scarp. Analysis of tree-rings from the trunk of a 46-year-old Beech tree (Fagus crenata Blume) revealed that the tree was cracked by earthquake-induced damage and that the tree-rings grown during the five-year period after the 1995 earthquake become sharply narrower in width compared to those grown before the earthquake. Our findings indicate that the earthquake damaged trees along the co-seismic fault scarp and hindered the growth of tree-rings by severing the roots. Thus, the results support the idea that older trees growing along or around fault zones can be used for identifying seismic fault events and for dendrochronological studies related to geomorphological processes.

Sujian Lin and Aiming Lin
 
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
 
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Sujian Lin and Aiming Lin
Sujian Lin and Aiming Lin

Viewed

Total article views: 1,128 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
718 357 53 1,128 48 55
  • HTML: 718
  • PDF: 357
  • XML: 53
  • Total: 1,128
  • BibTeX: 48
  • EndNote: 55
Views and downloads (calculated since 23 Nov 2017)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 23 Nov 2017)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 1,061 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 1,053 with geography defined and 8 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 

Discussed

Latest update: 24 Apr 2024
Download
Short summary
Analysis of tree-rings revealed that the tree was cracked by earthquake-induced damage and that the tree-rings grown during the five-year period after the 1995 earthquake become sharply narrower in width compared to those grown before the earthquake. Our finding confirms the idea that (1) a large earthquake can affect tree-ring growth along the co-seismic deformation zone around the seismogenic fault zone and (2) tree-rings can be used as valid indicators of natural events such as earthquakes.
Altmetrics