Articles | Volume 19, issue 4
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 737–756, 2019

Special issue: Flood risk assessment and management

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 737–756, 2019

Research article 10 Apr 2019

Research article | 10 Apr 2019

Re-evaluating safety risks of multifunctional dikes with a probabilistic risk framework

Richard Marijnissen et al.

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Cited articles

Aguilar-López, J. P., Warmink, J. J., Schielen, R. M. J., and Hulscher, S. J. M. H.: Correlation Effect in Probabilistic Design against Piping in Multi-Functional Flood Defences, in: Geotechnical Safety and Risk V, edited by: Schweckendiek, T., Van Tol, A. F., Pereboom, D., Van Staveren, A., and Cools, P. M. C. B. M., IOS Press, Amsterdam, the Netherlands,, 2015. 
Aguilar-López, J. P., Warmink, J. J., Schielen, R. M. J., and Hulscher, S. J. M. H.: Piping erosion safety assessment of flood defences founded over sewer pipes, Eur. J. Environ. Civ. En., 22, 707–735,, 2018. 
Anvarifar, F., Oderkerk, M., van der Horst, B. R., and Zevenbergen, C.: Cost-effectiveness study on preventive interventions: A survey of multifunctional flood defences, in: Comprehensive Flood Risk Management: research for policy and practice, edited by: Klijn, F. and Schweckendiek, T., CRC Press, London, UK, 891–899, 2013. 
Anvarifar, F., Zevenbergen, C., Thissen, W., and Islam, T.: Understanding flexibility for multifunctional flood defences: a conceptual framework, J. Water Clim. Change, 7, 467–484,, 2016. 
Anvarifar, F., Voorendt, M., Zevenbergen, C., and Thissen, W.: An application of the Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM) to risk analysis of multifunctional flood defences in the Netherlands, Reliab. Eng. Syst. Safe., 158, 130–141,, 2017. 
Short summary
Flood defences have the potential to be integrated with many other functions. While assessments of multifunctional dikes are usually conservative, using a probabilistic framework allows for synergies to be integrated and the risks to be made explicit. This change leads to a better perspective on the protection level of a flood defence and the effectiveness of reinforcements, allowing for better implementation of multifunctional elements on flood defences.
Final-revised paper