Articles | Volume 19, issue 4
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 737–756, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-737-2019

Special issue: Flood risk assessment and management

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 737–756, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-737-2019

Research article 10 Apr 2019

Research article | 10 Apr 2019

Re-evaluating safety risks of multifunctional dikes with a probabilistic risk framework

Richard Marijnissen et al.

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Cited articles

Aguilar-López, J. P., Warmink, J. J., Schielen, R. M. J., and Hulscher, S. J. M. H.: Correlation Effect in Probabilistic Design against Piping in Multi-Functional Flood Defences, in: Geotechnical Safety and Risk V, edited by: Schweckendiek, T., Van Tol, A. F., Pereboom, D., Van Staveren, A., and Cools, P. M. C. B. M., IOS Press, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-580-7-237, 2015. 
Aguilar-López, J. P., Warmink, J. J., Schielen, R. M. J., and Hulscher, S. J. M. H.: Piping erosion safety assessment of flood defences founded over sewer pipes, Eur. J. Environ. Civ. En., 22, 707–735, https://doi.org/10.1080/19648189.2016.1217793, 2018. 
Anvarifar, F., Oderkerk, M., van der Horst, B. R., and Zevenbergen, C.: Cost-effectiveness study on preventive interventions: A survey of multifunctional flood defences, in: Comprehensive Flood Risk Management: research for policy and practice, edited by: Klijn, F. and Schweckendiek, T., CRC Press, London, UK, 891–899, 2013. 
Anvarifar, F., Zevenbergen, C., Thissen, W., and Islam, T.: Understanding flexibility for multifunctional flood defences: a conceptual framework, J. Water Clim. Change, 7, 467–484, https://doi.org/10.2166/wcc.2016.064, 2016. 
Anvarifar, F., Voorendt, M., Zevenbergen, C., and Thissen, W.: An application of the Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM) to risk analysis of multifunctional flood defences in the Netherlands, Reliab. Eng. Syst. Safe., 158, 130–141, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ress.2016.10.004, 2017. 
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Short summary
Flood defences have the potential to be integrated with many other functions. While assessments of multifunctional dikes are usually conservative, using a probabilistic framework allows for synergies to be integrated and the risks to be made explicit. This change leads to a better perspective on the protection level of a flood defence and the effectiveness of reinforcements, allowing for better implementation of multifunctional elements on flood defences.
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