Articles | Volume 15, issue 5
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 973–984, 2015
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 973–984, 2015

Research article 13 May 2015

Research article | 13 May 2015

Hail events across the Greater Metropolitan Severe Thunderstorm Warning Area

A. A. Rasuly et al.

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Cited articles

Alford, P.: Thunderstorm classification. 4th Severe Thunderstorm Conference (8–12 August 1994) Australian Emergency Management Institute, Mount Macedon, Victoria, Australia, 1994.
Alford, P., Ryan, C., and Gill, J.: Thunderstorms and severe thunderstorms: a forecasting perspective. Meteorologist Course; Bureau of Meteorology Training Centre, 3rd Edn., Bureau of Meteorology, 1995.
Allen, J. T., Karoly, D. J., and Mills, G. A.: A severe thunderstorm climatology for Australia and associated thunderstorm environments, Aust. Meteor. Oceanogr. J., 61, 143–158, 2011.
Andrews, K. E., Blong, R. J., and Byrnes, C. H.: Wind & hailstorms in Sydney – a thunderstorm climatology. Risk Frontiers Natural Hazards Research Centre Report, Macquarie University, 1996.
Atkinson, B. W.: The mechanical effect of an urban area on convective precipitation. Occasional Paper 3, Department of Geography, Queen Mary College, University of London, 1975.
Short summary
A climatological oriented geographic information system is used to model hail storm occurrence during 1989--2013 in the Greater Metropolitan Thunderstorm Warning Area of New South Wales, Australia. There was an average of 14.3 events per year, but a significant decreasing trend of hail frequency in recent years has been identified. Spatial models have established three main hail distribution patterns: the Sydney metropolitan, coastal area and strong topographic effect.
Final-revised paper