Sulfur dioxide emissions from Papandayan and Bromo, two Indonesian volcanoes
- 1Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont-Ferrand (OPGC), Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, BP 10448, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
- 2LMV, CNRS, UMR6524, 63038 Clermont-Ferrand, France
- 3LMV, IRD, R 163, 63038 Clermont-Ferrand, France
- 4Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation, Jl Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung, Indonesia
Abstract. Indonesia hosts 79 active volcanoes, representing 14% of all active volcanoes worldwide. However, little is known about their SO2 contribution into the atmosphere, due to isolation and access difficulties. Existing SO2 emission budgets for the Indonesian archipelago are based on extrapolations and inferences as there is a considerable lack of field assessments of degassing. Here, we present the first SO2 flux measurements using differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS) for Papandayan and Bromo, two of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia. Results indicate mean SO2 emission rates of 1.4 t d−1 from the fumarolic activity of Papandayan and more than 22–32 t d−1 of SO2 released by Bromo during a declining eruptive phase. These DOAS results are very encouraging and pave the way for a better evaluation of Indonesian volcanic emissions.