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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 10, issue 4
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 10, 773–792, 2010
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-10-773-2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 10, 773–792, 2010
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-10-773-2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  15 Apr 2010

15 Apr 2010

Abnormal storm waves in the winter East/Japan Sea: generation process and hindcasting using an atmosphere-wind wave modelling system

H. S. Lee1, K. O. Kim2, T. Yamashita1, T. Komaguchi3, and T. Mishima4 H. S. Lee et al.
  • 1Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • 2Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute, Ansan, Korea
  • 3Blue Wave Institute of Technology Co., Ltd, Tokyo, Japan
  • 4Blue Wave Institute of Technology Co., Ltd, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan

Abstract. Abnormal storm waves cause coastal disasters along the coasts of Korean Peninsula and Japan in the East/Japan Sea (EJS) in winter, arising due to developed low pressures during the East Asia winter monsoon. The generation of these abnormal storm waves during rough sea states were studied and hindcast using an atmosphere-wave coupled modelling system. Wind waves and swell due to developed low pressures were found to be the main components of abnormal storm waves. The meteorological conditions that generate these waves are classified into three patterns based on past literature that describes historical events as well as on numerical modelling. In hindcasting the abnormal storm waves, a bogussing scheme originally designed to simulate a tropical storm in a mesoscale meteorological model was introduced into the modelling system to enhance the resolution of developed low pressures. The modelling results with a bogussing scheme showed improvements in terms of resolved low pressure, surface wind field, and wave characteristics obtained with the wind field as an input.

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