05 Jun 2024
 | 05 Jun 2024
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Flood hazard mapping and disaster prevention recommendations based on detailed topographical analysis in Khovd City, Western Mongolia

Narangerel Serdyanjiv, Suzuki Yasuhiro, Hasegawa Tomonori, and Takaichi Yoshiyuki

Abstract. The impacts of climate change manifest heterogeneously across regions, and in Khovd City, a semi-arid area in Western Mongolia, the escalating threat of flooding is evident through the occurrence of 10 flash floods in the last 30 years. The risk zone, encompassing rivers and flash floods, endangers ca. 32,000 residents, with 750–1,800 traditional nomadic dwellings (gers) located on the floodplain of the Buyant River during summer. There is a risk of flash floods in the eastern part of Khovd City from the mountains, while the western part is at a higher risk of flooding from the Buyant River. This paper aims at assessing flood hazards through a detailed topographical survey conducted using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). 15,206 aerial photos were collected in Khovd City using the UAV and measured by Real-Time Kinematic (RTK) on 22 Ground Control Points (GCPs). A Digital Elevation Model (DEM) with a resolution of 2.7 meters was generated from the aerial drone mapping data, enabling surface morphology, hydrological and eight-direction pour point model analysis using a Geographic Information System (GIS). The resulting flood hazard map revealed 4 flood risk areas based on flood flow direction and topographical features. Recommendations for local govern and residents include enhancing flood protection facilities for flood disaster prevention on flood risk zones.

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Narangerel Serdyanjiv, Suzuki Yasuhiro, Hasegawa Tomonori, and Takaichi Yoshiyuki

Status: open (until 17 Jul 2024)

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Narangerel Serdyanjiv, Suzuki Yasuhiro, Hasegawa Tomonori, and Takaichi Yoshiyuki
Narangerel Serdyanjiv, Suzuki Yasuhiro, Hasegawa Tomonori, and Takaichi Yoshiyuki


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Short summary
The present study considers the hazard areas of rainfall-derived river floods and flash floods flowing into Khovd City. We consider geomorphological elements such as terrace profiles, floodplains, riverbeds, gullies and depressions to derive detailed topographical and directional hazard maps. This study results provide valuable insights for the Administration of Government and Emergency Department of Khovd to protect citizens from flood hazards.