08 Mar 2022
08 Mar 2022
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Hazard Assessment of Earthquake-Induced Landslides Based on a Mechanical Slope Unit Extraction Method, A Case in Ghana

Peter Antwi Buah, Yingbin Zhang, Pengcheng Yu, Haiying Fu, Mingzhe Zhou, Qingdong Wang, and Jing Liu Peter Antwi Buah et al.
  • Department of Geotechnical Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China, Sichuan, 611756. P.R. China

Abstract. Slope unit extraction is integral to earthquake-induced landslide analysis. The conventional watershed and hydrological slope unit extraction methods are precarious with a sudden change in slope gradient along the flow direction, which result in slope unit heterogeneity, conjoint slopes, and boundary defects of the extracted slope unit. This paper addresses this research gap by proposing a mechanical slope unit extraction method that combines watershed points, hydrological, and segmentation methods. This proposed method defines a slope unit as a closed homogeneous space of points overlaid by a mesh having a variance in the slope gradient along its flow direction. The method extracts and uses 3D points to solve slope heterogeneity defects associated with the conventional watershed methods, segmentation to solve boundary defects, and considers the slope pattern and incident ray at a depth to estimate the possibility of earthquake-induced landslides. Ghana (West Africa) is selected to test the proposed slope unit extraction method. The result shows that the method overcame boundary problems, heterogeneity, sudden gradient change, and conjoint slope unit defects associated with the conventional watershed and hydrological method and shows a uniform slope unit for landslide analysis in Ghana. The landslide prediction rate of Ghana also presents 70.9 % landslide inventory, giving an estimated threshold displacement of 9 cm.

Peter Antwi Buah et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Review for paper NHESS‐2022‐43', Anonymous Referee #1, 14 Apr 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Yingbin Zhang, 21 Jul 2022
  • CC1: 'Comment on nhess-2022-43', Dongliang Huang, 23 Jun 2022
    • AC4: 'Reply on CC1', Yingbin Zhang, 21 Jul 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on nhess-2022-43', Anonymous Referee #2, 23 Jun 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Yingbin Zhang, 21 Jul 2022
    • AC3: 'Reply on RC2', Yingbin Zhang, 21 Jul 2022
  • AC5: 'Comment on nhess-2022-43', Yingbin Zhang, 25 Jul 2022

Peter Antwi Buah et al.

Peter Antwi Buah et al.


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Short summary
This study aims to assess the hazardous impact of an earthquake-induced landslide in Ghana using a mechanical slope unit extraction method. This research is an experimental simulation study that looks at how an earthquake of a certain magnitude could cause a landslide in Ghana (West Africa). The research proposed a method for slope unit extraction used it alongside the Newmark's displacement method to predict the possibility of earthquake induced landslide in Ghana.