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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-255
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-255
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  17 Oct 2020

17 Oct 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Land use and land cover change analysis of District Charsadda, Pakistan along Kabul River in 2010 flood: using an advance geographic information system and remote sensing techniques

Misbah Fida1,2, Irshad Hussain1, Wang Tao1, Abdur Rashid1, and Syed Amir Ali Shah1 Misbah Fida et al.
  • 1School of Environmental Studies, China University of Geosciences Wuhan, 430074, PR, China
  • 2National Centre of Excellence in Geology, University of Peshawar, 25130, Pakistan

Abstract. The objective of this research study was to quantify land use and land cover changes before and after the 2010 flood at District Charsadda, Pakistan. The land use and land cover changes were evaluated with the help of advanced geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing techniques (RST). Moreover, some remedial measures were taken to develop land use/land cover of the area to overcome future problems. Land use and land cover changes were measured by using satellite images. Two instances were compared, i.e. pre-flood and post-flood, to analyze the change in land use/land cover of District Charsadda within 5 Km along the Kabul River. Comparative analysis of pre and post-flood imageries shows drastic changes over the water body, built-up area, agriculture land, and bare land during flood instances. The study area is rural and agricultural land is dominant in the area. We evaluated the percentage of different land uses/land covers within our study area, as agricultural land was about 68.5 %, barren land was about 22.5 %, and the water body was 8.8 % before the flood. After inundation, the water body raised to 16.4 %, bare soil increased to 26.30 %, agriculture land degraded up to 57 %, and settlements (villages) along River Kabul were badly damaged and finished by this flood. Approximately, four villages of District Nowshera, six villages of District Peshawar, and twenty-seven villages of Charsadda District were badly damaged during the 2010 flood.

Misbah Fida et al.

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Misbah Fida et al.

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Short summary
This research study mainly focused on flood hazards, and its remedial measures by using geographic information systems and remote sensing techniques to control flood risks in the flood plain area of River Kabul in District Charsadda, Pakistan. The main objective of this study was to quantify pre and post-flood land-use and land-cover changes at District Charsadda, Pakistan. This study provides useful information about change detection, trends, and impacts of land-use/land-cover change.
This research study mainly focused on flood hazards, and its remedial measures by using...
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