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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  25 May 2020

25 May 2020

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A revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Research article: Household resilience to major slow kinetics floods: a prospective survey of the capacity to evacuate in high rise buildings in Paris

Nathalie Rabemalanto1, Nathalie Pottier1, Abla Mimi Edjossan-Sossou2,3, and Marc Vuillet3 Nathalie Rabemalanto et al.
  • 1Center for Studies on Globalization, Conflicts, Territories and Vulnerabilities (EA4457 CEMOTEV-UVSQ), University of Versailles Saint Quentin-en-Yvelines – Paris-Saclay, France
  • 2University of Lorraine, CNRS, CREGU, GeoRessources laboratory, Nancy School of Mines, Campus Artem, CS 14234, Nancy Cedex, F-54042, France
  • 3Lab'urba, University Gustave Eiffel, Paris School of Urban Engineering, France

Abstract. This article presents the results of a prospective survey of households living in the only high rise residential buildings of Paris, which are located in a flood zone. It questions the behavior of households likely to be subject to evacuation instructions in the event of a progressive flooding impacting the functioning of the technical networks and associated urban services. The survey received 523 responses from 11 residential high-rise buildings located in the 15th district of Paris. It assessed the propensity of households to evacuate autonomously through three main factors: the capacity to self-evacuate, to self-host and to go to this temporary accommodation. The survey answers explicit requests for information by local authorities on inhabitants' capacities to self-evacuate and to self-host in order to support the formers' estimation of shelter requirements. The typology of evacuation capacities reveals that most of the respondents are partially dependent due to difficulties relating to re-accommodation issues. Furthermore, many people seems to have an incorrect perception of the public authorities' responsibilities. Information and warning systems could thus be improved, notably through a participative method.

Nathalie Rabemalanto et al.

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Nathalie Rabemalanto et al.

Nathalie Rabemalanto et al.


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Latest update: 27 Nov 2020
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
This article presents the results of a household's survey living in Paris in one of the largest concentrations of high-rise buildings in the city, located in a slow kinetic flood zone along the Seine. As part of a research project, we assessed household's propensity to self-evacuate. Results reveals that household's capacities are partially depend on their ability to find alternative accommodation. They also have a misperception of the authorities' capacity for action.
This article presents the results of a household's survey living in Paris in one of the largest...