Evidence of fractional-Brownian-motion-type asperity model for earthquake generation in candidate pre-seismic electromagnetic emissions
- 1Section of Solid State Physics, Department of Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, 15784, Athens, Greece
- 2Section of Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics, Department of Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, 15784, Athens, Greece
- 3Institute for Space Applications and Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, Metaxa and Vas. Pavlou, Palea Penteli, 15236, Athens, Greece
- 4Department of Electronics, Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Ag. Spyridonos, Egaleo, 12210, Athens, Greece
Abstract. Many aspects of earthquake generation still escape our full understanding. Observations of electromagnetic emissions preceding significant earthquakes provide one of the few cases of premonitory events that are possibly related to a subsequent earthquake. Understanding the factors that control electromagnetic precursors generation seems to be important for determining how significant earthquakes nucleate. Here we report the results of a comprehensive study of the appearance of individual patterns in candidate electromagnetic precursors possibly indicating the breaking of backbone of large and strong asperities that sustain the activated fault. The search of precursory patterns is mainly based on well documented scaling properties of fault surface topology. More precisely, we argue that the candidate electromagnetic precursors might be originated during the slipping of two rough and rigid fractional-Brownian-motion-type profiles one over the other, with a roughness which is consistent with field and laboratory studies. The results also imply that the activation of a single earthquake (fault) is a reduced self-affine image of the whole regional seismicity and a magnified self-affine image of the laboratory seismicity.