On Es-spread effects in the ionosphere connected to earthquakes
- 1Institute for Physics of the Earth, 123995 Moscow, Russia
- 2High School and Science Programme Brandenburg/Potsdam, Project "Physics of Stellar and Planetary Atmospheres", 14482 Potsdam, Germany
- 3L.P.C.E./C.N.R.S., 3A, Avenue de la Recherche Scientifique, 45071 Orléans Cedex 2, France
- 4Inst. of Cosmophysical Research and Radio Wave Propagation, Far Eastern Branch of RAS, 684034 P-Kamchatsky, Russia
Abstract. In the present work, phenomena in the ionosphere are studied, which are connected with earthquakes (16 events) having a depth of less than 50 km and a magnitude M larger than 4. Analysed are night-time Es-spread effects using data of the vertical sounding station Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (φ=53.0°, λ=158.7°) from May 2004 until August 2004 registered every 15 min. It is found that the maximum distance of the earthquake from the sounding station, where pre-seismic phenomena are yet observable, depends on the magnitude of the earthquake. Further it is shown that 1–2 days before the earthquakes, in the pre-midnight hours, the appearance of Es-spread increases. With a probability of more than 0.95, this increase of Es-spread observations before midnight is not casual.