Probabilistic seismic hazard map for Romania as a basis for a new building code
- 1National Institute for Earth Physics, Bucharest, Romania
- 2Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, Hannover, Germany
- 3Geophysical Institute of University of Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany
Abstract. A seismic hazard map proposed as part of a new building code for Romania is presented here on basis of the recommendations in EUROCODE 8.
Seismic source zones within an area of about 200 km around Romania were constructed considering seismicity, neotectonics and geological development. The probabilistic seismic hazard assessment in terms of intensities is performed following Cornell (1968) with the program EQRISK (see Mc Guire, 1976), modified by us for use of intensities.
To cope with the irregular isoseismals of the Vrancea intermediate depth earthquakes a factor Ω is introduced to the attenuation law (Kövesligethy, 1907). Using detailed macroseismic maps of three earthquakes Ω is calculated by fitting the attenuation law to observed intensities, i.e. to local ground conditions. Strong local variation of Ω is avoided by a gridding of 0.5° in longitude and 0.25° in latitude. The contribution of the Vrancea intermediate depth zone to the seismic hazard at each grid point is computed with the corresponding representative Ω. A seismogenic depth of 120 km is assumed.
The final seismic hazard is the combination of both contributions, of zones with crustal earthquakes and of the Vrancea intermediate depth earthquakes zone. Calculations are done for a recurrence period of 95, 475 and 10000 years. All maps show the dominating effects of the intermediate depth earthquakes in the Vrancea zone, also for the capital Bucharest.