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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 3, issue 5
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 3, 367–376, 2003
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-3-367-2003
© Author(s) 2003. This work is licensed under
the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.

Special issue: Tsunamis

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 3, 367–376, 2003
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-3-367-2003
© Author(s) 2003. This work is licensed under
the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.

  31 Oct 2003

31 Oct 2003

The 1867 Virgin Island Tsunami

N. Zahibo1, E. Pelinovsky2, A. C. Yalciner3, A. Kurkin4, A. Koselkov4, and A. Zaitsev4 N. Zahibo et al.
  • 1Laboratoire de Physique Atmosphérique et Tropicale, Département de Physique , Université Antilles Guyane, Pointe-a-Pitre, France
  • 2Laboratory of Hydrophysics and Nonlinear Acoustics, Institute of Applied Physics, Nizhny, Novgorod, Russia
  • 3Civil Engineering Department, Ocean Engineering Research Center, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
  • 4Applied Mathematics Department, Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

Abstract. The 1867 Virgin Island Tsunami reached large magnitude on the coasts of the Caribbean Islands. A maximum tsunami height of 10 m was reported for two coastal locations (Deshaies and Sainte-Rose) in Guadeloupe. Modelling of the 1867 tsunami is performed in the framework of the nonlinear shallow-water theory. The directivity of the tsunami wave source in the Caribbean Sea according to the assumed initial waveform is investigated. The tsunami records at the several coastal regions in the Lesser Antilles, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico and South America are simulated. The comparison between the computed and observed data is in reasonable agreement.

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