Articles | Volume 13, issue 2
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 329–337, 2013
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 329–337, 2013

Research article 13 Feb 2013

Research article | 13 Feb 2013

Damages to unreinforced masonry buildings by the Van earthquakes of 23 October and 9 November 2011

Y. S. Tama1, A. Solak2, N. Çetinkaya1, G. Şen3, S. Yılmaz4, and H. Kaplan1 Y. S. Tama et al.
  • 1Department of Civil Engineering, Pamukkale University, Kınıklı , Denizli, Turkey
  • 2Institute of Natural Sciences, Pamukkale University, Kınıklı, Denizli, Turkey
  • 3Department of Civil Engineering, İnönü University, Malatya, Turkey
  • 4Department of Civil Engineering, İzmir Katip Çelebi University, İzmir, Turkey

Abstract. Van, a city in Eastern Anatolian Turkey, was hit by two earthquakes with magnitudes of Mw = 7.2 and Mw = 5.6 in October and November 2011. Both earthquakes caused extensive damage to many buildings. Unreinforced masonry buildings, especially in rural areas, suffered from those earthquakes extensively as in many other cases observed in Turkey during other previous earthquakes. This paper presents a site survey of damaged masonry buildings. Reasons for the wide spread damages are discussed in the paper.