Articles | Volume 13, issue 10
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 2409–2424, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-13-2409-2013

Special issue: Approaches and methods to improve risk management in volcanic...

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 2409–2424, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-13-2409-2013

Research article 08 Oct 2013

Research article | 08 Oct 2013

Potential and limitations of risk scenario tools in volcanic areas through an example at Mount Cameroon

P. Gehl1, C. Quinet1,2, G. Le Cozannet1,3, E. Kouokam4, and P. Thierry1 P. Gehl et al.
  • 1BRGM, 3 avenue Claude Guillemin, BP36009, 45060 Orléans Cedex 2, France
  • 2ESGT, 1 Boulevard Pythagore, Campus Universitaire, 72000 Le Mans, France
  • 3Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne/Laboratoire de Géographie Physique, CNRS UMR8591, 75005 Paris, France
  • 4MINIMIDT, Ministry of Industry, Mines and Technological Development, Yaounde, Cameroon

Abstract. This paper presents an integrated approach to conduct a scenario-based volcanic risk assessment on a variety of exposed assets, such as residential buildings, cultivated areas, network infrastructures or individual strategic buildings. The focus is put on the simulation of scenarios, based on deterministic adverse event input, which are applied to the case study of an effusive eruption on the Mount Cameroon volcano, resulting in the damage estimation of the assets located in the area. The work is based on the recent advances in the field of seismic risk. A software for systemic risk scenario analysis developed within the FP7 project SYNER-G has been adapted to address the issue of volcanic risk. Most significant improvements include the addition of vulnerability models adapted to each kind of exposed element and the possibility to quantify the successive potential damages inflicted by a sequence of adverse events (e.g. lava flows, tephra fall, etc.). The use of an object-oriented architecture gives the opportunity to model and compute the physical damage of very disparate types of infrastructures under the same framework. Finally, while the risk scenario approach is limited to the assessment of the physical impact of adverse events, a specific focus on strategic infrastructures and a dialogue with stakeholders helps in evaluating the potential wider indirect consequences of an eruption.

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