Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 12, 415–419, 2012

Special issue: Sea hazards

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 12, 415–419, 2012

Research article 27 Feb 2012

Research article | 27 Feb 2012

A tsunami wave recorded near a glacier front

A. V. Marchenko1,2,3, E. G. Morozov4, and S. V. Muzylev4 A. V. Marchenko et al.
  • 1The University Center in Svalbard, Longyearbyen, Spitsbergen, Norway
  • 2Zubov State Oceanographic Institute, Moscow, Russia
  • 3Sustainable Arctic Marine and Coastal Technology (SAMCoT), Centre for Research-Based Innovation (CRI), Norway
  • 4Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. We observed a tsunami wave near the glacier front in the Temple Fjord (Spitsbergen). Two temperature and pressure recorders were deployed on a wire from the ice approximately 300 m from the glacier front. A pressure recorder was located under them on the bottom. The vertical displacement of the ice was approximately 30 cm and the period of the tsunami wave was 90 s. We attribute the generation of this wave to the displacement of the glacier similarly to the landslide tsunami generated by the motion of a block of rocks down the sloping bottom. The glacier motion also generated a short-period (12 s) deformation wave in the ice cover. The measurements allowed us to estimate the wave number of these waves and the Young's modulus of the ice.

Special issue