Articles | Volume 12, issue 12
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 12, 3659–3670, 2012
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 12, 3659–3670, 2012

Research article 17 Dec 2012

Research article | 17 Dec 2012

Development and implementation of a GIS-based tool for spatial modeling of seismic vulnerability of Tehran

M. Hashemi and A. A. Alesheikh M. Hashemi and A. A. Alesheikh
  • Department of Geospatial Information Systems, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Mirdamad Cross, Valiasr Street, Tehran 19697, Iran

Abstract. Achieving sustainable development in countries prone to earthquakes is possible with taking effective measures to reduce vulnerability to earthquakes. In this context, damage assessment of hypothetical earthquakes and planning for disaster management are important issues. Having a computer tool capable of estimating structural and human losses from earthquakes in a specific region may facilitate the decision-making process before and during disasters. Interoperability of this tool with wide-spread spatial analysis frameworks will expedite the data transferring process. In this study, the earthquake damage assessment (EDA) software tool is developed as an embedded extension within a GIS (geographic information system) environment for the city of Tehran, Iran. This GIS-based extension provides users with a familiar environment to estimate and observe the probable damages and fatalities of a deterministic earthquake scenario. The productivity of this tool is later demonstrated for southern Karoon parish, Region 10, Tehran. Three case studies for three active faults in the area and a comparison of the results with other research substantiated the reliability of this tool for additional earthquake scenarios.