Daily precipitation concentration across Europe 1971–2010
- 1Department of Geography, University of Zaragoza, Spain
- 2Instituto Universitario Ciencias Ambientales, University of Zaragoza, Spain
- 3ISAC-CNR, Bologna, Italy
- 4Group of Climatology, University of Barcelona, Spain
Abstract. Daily Precipitation Concentration Index (CI) was used in this paper to investigate the statistical structure of daily precipitation across Europe based on 530 daily rainfall series for the period 1971–2010. Annual CI shows a North-West to South-East gradient (excluding Turkey and Greece). The same gradient is also observed in winter, spring and autumn, while in summer the gradient is North-South. Highest annual and seasonal daily concentrations of rainfall were detected in the western Mediterranean basin, mainly along Spanish and French coastlands. Latitude and distance from the sea seems to play a major role on spatial CI distribution; at subregional scale also relief plays an important role. The Mann–Kendall test did not identify uniform significant pattern in temporal trend across Europe for 1971–2010 period. The only broad areas with increasing annual and seasonal CI values are located in northern and south-western France and northern coastlands of the Iberian Peninsula. This findings suggest that daily precipitation distribution has not significantly changed during the 1971–2010 over Europe.