Articles | Volume 12, issue 5
Research article
25 May 2012
Research article |  | 25 May 2012

Magnetic storm free ULF analysis in relation with earthquakes in Taiwan

S. Wen, C.-H. Chen, H.-Y. Yen, T.-K. Yeh, J.-Y. Liu, K. Hattori, H. Peng, C.-H. Wang, and T.-C. Shin

Abstract. Despite early optimism, pre-earthquake anomalous phenomena can be determined by using enhanced amplitude at the ultra-low-frequency range from geomagnetic data via the Fourier transform. In reality, accuracy of the enhanced amplitude in relation to earthquakes (deduced from time-varied geomagnetic data) would be damaged by magnetic storms and/or other unwanted influences resulting from solar activity and/or variations in the ionosphere, respectively. We substitute values of the cross correlation between amplitudes, summarized from the earthquake-related (0.1–0.01 Hz) and the comparable (0.01–0.001 Hz) frequency bands, for isolated amplitude enhancements as indexes of determination associated with seismo-magnetic anomalies to mitigate disturbance caused by magnetic storms. A station located about 300 km away from the others is also taken into account to further examine whether changes of the cross correlation values are caused by seismo-magnetic anomalies limited within local regions or not. Analytical results show that the values suddenly decrease near epicenters a few days before and after 67% (= 6/9) of earthquakes (M > = 5) in Taiwan between September 2010 and March 2011. Seismo-magnetic signals determined by using the values of cross correlation methods partially improve results yielded from the Fourier transform alone and provide advantageous information of earthquake locations.