Articles | Volume 11, issue 12
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 3251–3261, 2011
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 3251–3261, 2011

Research article 12 Dec 2011

Research article | 12 Dec 2011

High resolution tsunami inversion for 2010 Chile earthquake

T.-R. Wu and T.-C. Ho T.-R. Wu and T.-C. Ho
  • Graduate Institute of Hydrological and Oceanic Sciences, National Central University, Jhongli, Taiwan

Abstract. We investigate the feasibility of inverting high-resolution vertical seafloor displacement from tsunami waveforms. An inversion method named "SUTIM" (small unit tsunami inversion method) is developed to meet this goal. In addition to utilizing the conventional least-square inversion, this paper also enhances the inversion resolution by Grid-Shifting method. A smooth constraint is adopted to gain stability. After a series of validation and performance tests, SUTIM is used to study the 2010 Chile earthquake. Based upon data quality and azimuthal distribution, we select tsunami waveforms from 6 GLOSS stations and 1 DART buoy record. In total, 157 sub-faults are utilized for the high-resolution inversion. The resolution reaches 10 sub-faults per wavelength. The result is compared with the distribution of the aftershocks and waveforms at each gauge location with very good agreement. The inversion result shows that the source profile features a non-uniform distribution of the seafloor displacement. The highly elevated vertical seafloor is mainly concentrated in two areas: one is located in the northern part of the epicentre, between 34° S and 36° S; the other is in the southern part, between 37° S and 38° S.