Tsunami waves generated by submarine landslides of variable volume: analytical solutions for a basin of variable depth
- 1Laboratory of Wave Engineering, Institute of Cybernetics, Tallinn, Estonia
- 2Department of Nonlinear Geophysical Processes, Institute of Applied Physics, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
- 3Laboratory of Research in Geosciences and Energy, University of the French West Indies and Guiana, Guadeloupe, France
Abstract. Tsunami wave generation by submarine landslides of a variable volume in a basin of variable depth is studied within the shallow-water theory. The problem of landslide induced tsunami wave generation and propagation is studied analytically for two specific convex bottom profiles (h ~ x4/3 and h ~ x4). In these cases the basic equations can be reduced to the constant-coefficient wave equation with the forcing determined by the landslide motion. For certain conditions on the landslide characteristics (speed and volume per unit cross-section) the wave field can be described explicitly. It is represented by one forced wave propagating with the speed of the landslide and following its offshore direction, and two free waves propagating in opposite directions with the wave celerity. For the case of a near-resonant motion of the landslide along the power bottom profile h ~ xγ the dynamics of the waves propagating offshore is studied using the asymptotic approach. If the landslide is moving in the fully resonant regime the explicit formula for the amplitude of the wave can be derived. It is demonstrated that generally tsunami wave amplitude varies non-monotonically with distance.