08 May 2023
 | 08 May 2023
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Better prepared but less resilient: the paradoxical impact of frequent flood experience on adaptive behavior and household resilience

Lisa Köhler, Torsten Masson, Sabrina Köhler, and Christian Kuhlicke

Abstract. To better understand factors shaping adaptive behavior and resilience is crucial in designing policy strategies to prepare households for future flooding. The central question of our paper is how frequent flood experience (FFE) impacts adaptive behavior and self-reported household resilience. The applied empirical methods are binary logistic and linear regression models using data from a panel dataset, including 2462 residents (Germany, state of Saxony). Four main conclusions from the investigations can be drawn. First, more flood experienced households are statistically significantly more likely to have taken precautionary measures in the past. Second, FFE has a statistically significant negative impact on self-reported resilience. Third, the impact of FFE on the capacity to recover and the capacity to resist is statistically significant non-linear. Fourth, putting together these results reveals the paradox of more flood-experienced households being better prepared but feeling less resilient at the same time. It can be concluded that more research is needed to obtain deeper insights into the drivers behind self-reported resilience and that this study can be seen as a piece of the puzzle, taking frequent flood experience as the primary entry point.

Lisa Köhler et al.

Status: open (until 19 Jun 2023)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • CC1: 'Comment on nhess-2023-64', Alexandre Pereira Santos, 09 May 2023 reply
  • RC1: 'Comment on nhess-2023-64', Anonymous Referee #1, 23 May 2023 reply

Lisa Köhler et al.

Lisa Köhler et al.


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Short summary
We analysed the impact of flood experience on adaptive behavior and self-reported resilience. The outcomes draw a paradoxical picture: the most experienced people are the most adapted but the least resilient. We find evidence for nonlinear relationships between the number of floods experienced and resilience. We contribute to existing knowledge by focusing specifically on the number of floods experienced and extending the rare scientific literature on the influence of experience on resilience.