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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  26 Jun 2020

26 Jun 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Selecting and analysing climate change adaptation measures at six research sites across Europe

Henk-Jan van Alphen1, Clemens Strehl2, Fabian Vollmer2, Eduard Interwies3, Anasha Petersen3, Stefan Görlitz3, Montse Martinez Puentes4, Maria Guerrero Hidalga5, Elias Giannakis6, Teun Spek7, Marc Scheibel8, Erle Kristvik9, Fernanda Rocha10, and Emmy Bergsma1 Henk-Jan van Alphen et al.
  • 1KWR Water Research Institute, Nieuwegein, 3433 PE, The Netherlands
  • 2IWW Water Centre, Mülheim an der Ruhr, 45476, Germany
  • 3InterSus – Sustainability Services, Berlin, 10405, Germany
  • 4Aquatec (Suez Spain), 08038 Barcelona, Spain
  • 5CETAQUA Water Technology Centre, 08940 Barcelona, Spain
  • 6The Cyprus Institute, Energy Environment and Water Research Center, Nicosia, 2121, Cyprus
  • 7Province of Gelderland, Arnhem, 6811CG, The Netherlands
  • 8Wupperverband, Wuppertal, 42289, Germany
  • 9Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway
  • 10Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil, 1700-066 Lisboa, Portugal

Abstract. As Europe is faced with increasing droughts and extreme precipitation, countries are taking measures to adapt to these changes. It is challenging, however, to navigate through the wide range of possible measures, taking into account the efficacy, economic impact and social justice aspects of these measures, as well as the governance requirements for implementing them. This article describes and evaluates an approach to selecting and analysing climate change adaptation measures that was applied at six research sites across Europe. It describes the steps that were taken in collecting, selecting and analysing adaptation measures, in a process with local stakeholders, with concrete examples from the case studies. The governance analysis focuses on the requirements associated with the measures and the extent to which these requirements are met at the research sites. The socio-economic impact focuses on the efficacy of the measures in reducing the risks and the broad range of tools available to compare the measures on their societal impact. Finally, the social justice analysis focuses on the distributive impacts of the adaptation measures. In the discussion, we identify some key findings with regard to the different kind of measures. In the conclusion we briefly assess the main pros and cons of the different analyses that were conducted. The main conclusion is that although the research sites were very different in both the challenges and the institutional context, the approach presented here yielded decision relevant outcomes.

Henk-Jan van Alphen et al.

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Henk-Jan van Alphen et al.

Henk-Jan van Alphen et al.


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Short summary
This paper presents an approach to selecting and analysing climate change adaptation measures, using a combination of scientific analysis and stakeholder interaction. This approach was applied in six cases across Europe, concerning drought and extreme precipitation. Although the cases vary widely, the approach yielded decision relevant outcomes for the development of adaptation strategies, regarding socio-economic impacts of measures and potential barriers to implementation.
This paper presents an approach to selecting and analysing climate change adaptation measures,...