20 Apr 2021

20 Apr 2021

Review status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

About the return period of a catastrophe

Mathias Raschke Mathias Raschke
  • Freelancer/independent researcher, Stolze-Schrey-Str.1, 65195 Wiesbaden, Germany

Abstract. To understand catastrophes like earthquakes stochastically, their return period (RP) should be quantified for the concerned region. Measures such as event magnitudes or indexes are less helpful for this purpose. We derive the combined return period (CRP) from the pseudo-polar coordinates of extreme value theory. The CRP is the (weighted) mean of local RPs and is again an RP; other metrics do not provide such testable reproductivity. We demonstrate CRP’s opportunities on extratropical cyclones (winter storms) over Germany, including validation and bias correction of local RP estimates. Furthermore, we introduce new estimation methods for the RP of an event loss (risk curve) via CRP-scaling of historical storm fields. For high RP, the resulting event losses of the German insurance market are higher in the case of max-stable dependence. The latter means the same dependence level between local maxima of a year as of a decade. However, spatial dependence is not stable but decreases by increasing period. Such control of spatial dependence is not realized by previous risk models from science and industry. Our loss estimates for RP of 200 years are also significantly smaller than those of European regulation's standard model.

Mathias Raschke

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Review report on nhess-2021-86 - Francesco Serinaldi', Francesco Serinaldi, 15 Jun 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Mathias Raschke, 30 Jul 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on nhess-2021-86', Aloïs Tilloy, 22 Jun 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Mathias Raschke, 30 Jul 2021

Mathias Raschke


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Short summary
As derived from extreme value theory (part of stochastic), the occurrence of natural catastrophes can be quantified stochastically by the combined return period (CRP), the (weighted) mean of local return periods. This can be tested during application as shown for extratropical cyclones (winter storms) over Germany. Moreover, the risk curve (return period of losses) can be estimated easily. This and the influence of the regime of spatial dependence is also demonstrated in the example.