23 Dec 2021
23 Dec 2021
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

The determinants affecting the intention of urban residents to prevent flooding in China

Tiantian Wang1,2, Yunmeng Lu1,2, Tiezhong Liu1,2, Yujiang Zhang3, Xiaohan Yan1,2, and Yi Liu1,2 Tiantian Wang et al.
  • 1School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, P R China
  • 2Crisis Management Research Center, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, P R China
  • 3The First Topographic Surveying Brigade Of MNR

Abstract. In the context of global warming and China’s disaster response patterns, it is critical to understand how to promote the effectiveness of household flood protection measures among the public. In this study, we developed a comprehensive theoretical framework based on protection motivation theory (PMT) to identify the main determinants that influence urban residents' intention to prepare for flooding. In addition to the fundamental factors in PMT, this framework also considered the influence of individual heterogeneity and social context. We selected urban residents in flood-prone areas of Henan Province as the study population and collected 857 valid questionnaires through an online survey. Firstly, the results showed that both threat perception and coping appraisal of flood risk are effective in increasing residents' intention to prevent. Secondly, negative risk response attitudes reduced people's intention to prepare. If people do not perceive preparedness actions as absolutely necessary, they will postpone or shift to public flood protection measures. In addition, analysis of affective pathways revealed that negative emotions were primarily influenced by perceptions of flood consequences and were not significantly related to perceptions of likelihood. The analysis of trust mechanisms showed that higher levels of trust reduced people's perceptions of flood risk thereby hindering their intention to prepare for floods. Finally, we found that the positive influence of social norms on preparedness intentions makes it appropriate to focus on the power of social mobilization. The findings will provide theoretical references for government departments to design further policy measures to improve integrated flood risk management in China.

Tiantian Wang et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on nhess-2021-379', Anonymous Referee #1, 27 Jan 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', tiantian wang, 14 Feb 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on nhess-2021-379', Anonymous Referee #2, 03 Apr 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', tiantian wang, 16 Apr 2022

Tiantian Wang et al.

Tiantian Wang et al.


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Short summary
To identify the main determinants influencing urban residents' intention to prepare for floods, we developed an integrated theoretical framework based on conservation motivation theory (PMT) and validated it with structural equation modeling. The results showed that both threat perception and coping appraisal were effective in increasing residents' intention to prevent. In addition, individual heterogeneity and social context also had an impact on preparedness intentions.