Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-3
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-3

  19 Mar 2021

19 Mar 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Spatiotemporal Heterogeneity of b Values Revealed by a Data-Driven Approach for June 17, 2019 MS 6.0, Changning Sichuan, China earthquake Sequence

Changsheng Jiang1, Libo Han1, Feng Long2, Guijuan Lai1, Fengling Yin1, Jinmeng Bi3, and Zhengya Si4 Changsheng Jiang et al.
  • 1Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100081, China
  • 2Sichuan Earthquake Agency, Chengdu 610041, China
  • 3Tianjin Earthquake Agency, Tianjin 300201, China
  • 4Beijing Earthquake Agency, Beijing 100080, China

Abstract. The spatiotemporal heterogeneity of b values has great potential for understanding the seismogenic process and assessing the seismic hazard. However, there is still much controversy about whether it exists or not, and an important reason is that the choice of subjective parameters has eroded the foundations of many researches. To overcome this problem, we used a recent developed non-parametric method based on the data-driven concept to calculate b values. The major steps of this method include: 1) perform a large number of Voronoi tessellation, Bayesian information criterion (BIC) value calculation and selection of the optimal models for the study area, and 2) use the ensemble median (Q2) and median absolute deviation (MAD) value to represent the final b value and its uncertainty. We investigated spatiotemporal variations of b values before and after the 2019 Changning MS 6.0 earthquake in Sichuan Basin, China. The results reveal a spatial volume with low pre-mainshock b values near the mainshock source region, and its size corresponds roughly with the rupture area of the mainshock. The anomalously high pre-mainshock b values distributed in the NE direction of the epicenter was interpreted to be related with fluid invasion or increased pore pressure. The decreases of b values during the aftershock sequence along with the occurrences of several strong aftershocks imply that b values could be an indicator of stress state. In addition, we found that although the distribution characteristics of b values obtained from different way of investigating are qualitatively consistent, they differ significantly in terms of their specific values, suggesting that the best way to study the heterogeneous pattern of b values is in the joint dimension of space-time rather than alone in time and space. Overall, our study emphasizes the importance of b value studies on assessing the earthquake hazards.

Changsheng Jiang et al.

Status: open (until 01 May 2021)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse

Changsheng Jiang et al.

Changsheng Jiang et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 202 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
178 20 4 202 0 1
  • HTML: 178
  • PDF: 20
  • XML: 4
  • Total: 202
  • BibTeX: 0
  • EndNote: 1
Views and downloads (calculated since 19 Mar 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 19 Mar 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 192 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 192 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 19 Apr 2021
Download
Altmetrics