Review article. Factors leading to the occurrence of flood fatalities: a systematic review of research papers published between 2010 and 2020
- CNR-IRPI Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection, Via Cavour 4-6, 87036 Rende, Cosenza
Abstract. Floods kill several people every year in both developed and developing countries. The transfer of research findings from the academic community to practitioners, policy-makers and citizens may reduce the impact of floods on mortality. This systematic review analyzes 44 scientific articles extracted from WOS and SCOPUS databases written in English, published between 2010 and 2020, and focuses on flood fatalities. The first main finding of this review is the classification of drivers of flood mortality into two groups: the first group relates to the environment and the second group relates to the victims. The second main finding is the identification of strategies to practically cope with the identified drivers of flood fatalities. The main lacks of the review concern: a) the unavailability of papers based on flood fatality occurrence in developing countries and b) the absence of data focusing on people who have survived floods. This review amplifies useful findings, best practices, and lessons learned that can be useful for administrators, risk managers, and teachers of primary and secondary schools to mitigate the impact of future floods on human life.
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