Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-196
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-196

  21 Jul 2021

21 Jul 2021

Review status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Idealized Simulations of Mei-yu Rainfall in Taiwan under Uniform Southwesterly Flow using A Could-Resolving Model

Chung-Chieh Wang1, Pi-Yu Chuang1, Shi-Ting Chen1, Dong-In Lee2, and Kazuhisa Tsuboki3 Chung-Chieh Wang et al.
  • 1Department of Earth Sciences, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2Department of Environmental Atmospheric Sciences, Pukyong National University, Busan, South Korea
  • 3Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan

Abstract. In this study, idealized cloud-resolving simulations are performed for horizontally uniform and steady southwesterly flow at fixed direction/speed combinations to investigate rainfall characteristics and the role of the complex topography in Taiwan during the Mei-yu season, without the influence of a front or other disturbances. Eight directions (180° to 285°, every 15°) and eight speeds (5 to 22.5 m s−1, every 2.5 m s−1) are considered, and near-surface relative humidity (RH) is also altered (from 55–100 %) in a subset of these tests to further investigate the effects of moisture content, yielding a total 109 experiments each having a integration length of 50 h. Three rainfall regimes that correspond to different ranges of the wet Froude number (Frw) are identified from the idealized simulations (with a grid size of 2 km). The low-Frw regime (Frw ≤ ~0.3) where the island circulation from thermodynamic effects during daytime is the main cause of rainfall in local afternoon. The lower the wind speed (and Frw), the more widespread and amount of rainfall. On the other hand, the high-Frw regime (Frw ≥ ~0.4) occurs when the flow at least 12.5 m s−1 impinges on Taiwan terrain at a large angle to favor the flow-over scenario. Thus, topographic rainfall production becomes dominant through mechanical uplift of unstable air. In this scenario, the faster and wetter the flow, the heavier the rainfall on the windward slopes, with the most favorable direction from 240°–255°. Between the two regimes above, a third and mixed regime also exists. The idealized results are discussed for their applicability to the real atmosphere.

Chung-Chieh Wang et al.

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Chung-Chieh Wang et al.

Chung-Chieh Wang et al.

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Short summary
In this study, cloud-resolving simulations are performed under idealized and uniform southwesterly flow direction/speed to investigate the rainfall regimes in the Mei-yu season and the role of complex mesoscale topography on rainfall, without the influence of unwanted disturbances. A low-Froude number regime where the thermodynamic effects and island circulation dominate, a high-Froude number regime where topographic rainfall in flow-over scenario prevails, and a mixed regime also exists.
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