04 Jun 2021

04 Jun 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

The importance of raising risk awareness: lessons learned about risk awareness sessions from the Mediterranean region (North Morocco and West Sardinia, Italy)

Ante Ivčević1,2, Hubert Mazurek1, Lionel Siame3, Raquel Bertoldo4, Vania Statzu5, Kamal Agharroud6, Isabel Estrela Rego7, Nibedita Mukherjee8, Matthieu Kervyn9, and Olivier Bellier3,10 Ante Ivčević et al.
  • 1Aix Marseille Univ, IRD, LPED, Marseille, France
  • 2Priority Actions Programme/Regional Activity Centre (PAP/RAC), UN Environment Programme/Mediterranean Action Plan (UNEP/MAP), Split, Croatia
  • 3Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD, INRAE, Coll France, CEREGE, Aix-en-Provence, France
  • 4Aix Marseille Univ, LPS, Aix-en-Provence, France
  • 5Mediterranean Sea and Coast Foundation (MEDSEA), Cagliari, Italy
  • 6Département de Géologie, Faculté des Sciences de Tétouan, Université Abdelmalek Essaâdi, Tétouan, Morocco
  • 7Research Institute for Volcanology and Risk Assessment (IVAR), University of the Azores, Azores, Portugal
  • 8Brunel University London, United Kingdom
  • 9Department of Geography, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
  • 10Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, ECCOREV, Aix-en-Provence, France

Abstract. Risk management is used in societies to mitigate the potentially dramatic effects of natural hazards. Local authorities and managers use different indicators in elaborating rescue and urbanism plans, which are not always efficient in reducing impact in the time of the crisis. This highlights society’s vulnerability in the particular context of global environmental and climate changes. This interdisciplinary research aimed at identifying reliable risk indicators and societal responses regarding natural hazards and climate change impacts, to provide a governance framework for disaster risk reduction. Different societies face diverse risks and do not necessarily have the same level of local awareness confronting them. Two sites were thus selected from the Mediterranean basin, one from the South coast (North Morocco), other from the North coast (the Italian island of Sardinia). North Morocco, the region of multi-risks, is characterized by high demographic and economic pressures; West Sardinia counts for remarkable biodiversity of wetlands and is characterized by high environmental and agricultural pressures, which in both cases intensify the vulnerability of the coastal areas. Testing for the local population’s preparedness for future financial protection showed the importance of risk awareness sessions as an indicator of risk management. The significance of risk awareness sessions is demonstrated in a quantitative part of the study with the local population, and their importance is also discussed with other stakeholders in North Morocco in a qualitative part of the study. Based on these findings, further ideas on a new series of less descriptive, more dynamic, and more user-friendly indicators are suggested. How can risk sessions be a dynamic indicator of a resilient society? The obtained results could serve in future governance frameworks for the mitigation of natural hazards in the Mediterranean region and wider. Finally, the urgent need for continuous work to overcome the communication gap between the scientific community, risk administrators, civil society and the general population is encouraged.

Ante Ivčević et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on nhess-2021-159', Anonymous Referee #1, 21 Jun 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Ante Ivcevic, 28 Aug 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on nhess-2021-159', Anonymous Referee #2, 04 Jul 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Ante Ivcevic, 28 Aug 2021

Ante Ivčević et al.

Ante Ivčević et al.


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Short summary
The results from two Mediterranean case studies, North Morocco and West Sardinia, confirm the importance of interdisciplinarity and risk awareness sessions in risk management. The policy literature and interviews held with the administration, associations and scientists indicate that although recognised, the importance of risk awareness sessions is not necessarily put into practice. As a consequence, this could lead to a failure of risk management policy.