Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-14
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-14

  21 Jan 2021

21 Jan 2021

Review status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal NHESS and is expected to appear here in due course.

Fatalities associated with the weather in the Czech Republic, 2000–2019

Rudolf Brázdil1,2, Kateřina Chromá2, Lukáš Dolák1,2, Jan Řehoř1,2, Ladislava Řezníčková1,2, Pavel Zahradníček2,3, and Petr Dobrovolný1,2 Rudolf Brázdil et al.
  • 1Institute of Geography, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
  • 2Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic
  • 3Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Brno, Czech Republic

Abstract. This paper presents an analysis of fatalities attributable to weather conditions in the Czech Republic during the 2000–2019 period. The database of fatalities deployed contains information extracted from Právo, a leading daily newspaper, and Novinky.cz, its internet equivalent, supplemented by a number of other documentary sources. The analysis is performed for floods, windstorms, convective storms, rain, snow, glaze ice, frost, heat, and fog. For each of them, the associated fatalities are investigated in terms of annual frequencies, trends, annual variation, spatial distribution, cause, type, place, and time, as well as the sex, age, and behaviour of casualties. There were 1164 weather-related fatalities during the 2000–2019 study period, exhibiting a statistically significant falling trend. Those attributable to frost (31 %) predominated, followed by glaze ice, rain and snow. Fatalities were at their maximum in January and December and at their minimum in April and September. Fatalities arising out of vehicle accidents (48 %) predominated in terms of structure, followed by freezing or hypothermia (30 %). Most deaths occurred during the night. Adults (65 %) and males (72 %) accounted for the majority of fatalities, while indirect fatalities were more frequent than direct ones (55 % to 45 %). Hazardous behaviour accounted for 76 %. According to the database of the Czech Statistical Office, deaths caused by exposure to excessive natural cold are markedly predominant among five selected groups of weather-related fatalities and their numbers exhibit a statistically significant rise during 2000–2019. Police yearbooks of the fatalities arising out of vehicle accidents indicate significantly decreasing trends in the frequency of inclement weather patterns associated with fatal accidents, as well as a decrease in their percentage in annual numbers of fatalities. The discussion of results includes the problems of data uncertainty, comparison of different data sources, and the broader context.

Rudolf Brázdil et al.

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on nhess-2021-14', Anonymous Referee #1, 01 Mar 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Rudolf Brazdil, 13 Mar 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on nhess-2021-14', Anonymous Referee #2, 09 Mar 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Rudolf Brazdil, 13 Mar 2021

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on nhess-2021-14', Anonymous Referee #1, 01 Mar 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Rudolf Brazdil, 13 Mar 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on nhess-2021-14', Anonymous Referee #2, 09 Mar 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Rudolf Brazdil, 13 Mar 2021

Rudolf Brázdil et al.

Rudolf Brázdil et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 398 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
304 81 13 398 2 5
  • HTML: 304
  • PDF: 81
  • XML: 13
  • Total: 398
  • BibTeX: 2
  • EndNote: 5
Views and downloads (calculated since 21 Jan 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 21 Jan 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 348 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 345 with geography defined and 3 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 19 Apr 2021
Download
Short summary
This paper presents an analysis of fatalities attributable to weather conditions in the Czech Republic during the 2000–2019 period, which is based on own database created from newspaper reports, on the database of the Czech Statistical Office and on the database of the Police of the Czech Republic, and on their comparison. Despite some uncertainties, generally declining trends in the number of fatalities appears for majority of weather variables. Structure of fatalities is described in detail.
Altmetrics