Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-425
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-425
 
26 Jan 2021
26 Jan 2021

Observations of extreme wave runup events on the U.S. Pacific Northwest coast

Chuan Li1, H. Tuba Özkan-Haller1,2, Gabriel García-Medina3, Robert A. Holman2, Peter Ruggiero2, Treena M. Jensen4, David B. Elson4, and William R. Schneider4 Chuan Li et al.
  • 1School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
  • 2College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
  • 3Marine Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Seattle, WA, USA
  • 4National Weather Service, National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration, Portland, OR, USA

Abstract. Extreme, tsunami-like wave runup events in the absence of earthquakes or landslides have been attributed to trapped waves over shallow bathymetry and long waves created by atmospheric disturbances. These runup events are associated with inland excursions of hundreds of meters and periods of minutes. While the theory of radiation stress implies that nearshore energy transfer from the carrier waves to the infragravity waves can also lead to very large runup, there have not been observations of runup events induced by this process with magnitudes and periods comparable to the other two mechanisms. This work presents observations of several runup events in the U.S. Pacific Northwest that are comparable to extreme runup events related to trapped waves and atmospheric disturbances. It also discusses possible generation mechanisms and shows that energy transfer from incident waves to bound infragravity waves is a plausible generation mechanism. In addition, a method to predict and forecast extreme runup events with similar characteristics is presented.

Journal article(s) based on this preprint

Chuan Li et al.

Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on nhess-2020-425', Anonymous Referee #1, 22 Feb 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Chuan Li, 13 May 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on nhess-2020-425', Anonymous Referee #2, 01 Apr 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Chuan Li, 13 May 2021

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (09 Jun 2021) by Joanna Staneva
AR by Chuan Li on behalf of the Authors (20 Jul 2021)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (03 Aug 2021) by Joanna Staneva
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (11 Aug 2021) by Piero Lionello(Executive Editor)
AR by Chuan Li on behalf of the Authors (13 Aug 2021)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (26 Aug 2021) by Joanna Staneva
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (07 Oct 2021)
RR by Anonymous Referee #3 (03 Mar 2022)
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (04 Mar 2022) by Joanna Staneva
AR by Chuan Li on behalf of the Authors (14 Apr 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (16 Apr 2022) by Joanna Staneva
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (28 Apr 2022)
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (10 May 2022) by Joanna Staneva
AR by Chuan Li on behalf of the Authors (14 May 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (17 May 2022) by Joanna Staneva
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (07 Jul 2022) by Piero Lionello(Executive Editor)
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (12 Jul 2022) by Piero Lionello
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (29 Jul 2022)
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (29 Jul 2022) by Piero Lionello
AR by Chuan Li on behalf of the Authors (25 Aug 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (07 Sep 2022) by Piero Lionello
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (30 Sep 2022)
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (09 Oct 2022) by Piero Lionello
AR by Chuan Li on behalf of the Authors (19 Oct 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (24 Oct 2022) by Piero Lionello
ED: Publish as is (24 Oct 2022) by Piero Lionello(Executive Editor)

Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on nhess-2020-425', Anonymous Referee #1, 22 Feb 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Chuan Li, 13 May 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on nhess-2020-425', Anonymous Referee #2, 01 Apr 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Chuan Li, 13 May 2021

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (09 Jun 2021) by Joanna Staneva
AR by Chuan Li on behalf of the Authors (20 Jul 2021)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (03 Aug 2021) by Joanna Staneva
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (11 Aug 2021) by Piero Lionello(Executive Editor)
AR by Chuan Li on behalf of the Authors (13 Aug 2021)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (26 Aug 2021) by Joanna Staneva
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (07 Oct 2021)
RR by Anonymous Referee #3 (03 Mar 2022)
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (04 Mar 2022) by Joanna Staneva
AR by Chuan Li on behalf of the Authors (14 Apr 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (16 Apr 2022) by Joanna Staneva
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (28 Apr 2022)
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (10 May 2022) by Joanna Staneva
AR by Chuan Li on behalf of the Authors (14 May 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish subject to technical corrections (17 May 2022) by Joanna Staneva
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (07 Jul 2022) by Piero Lionello(Executive Editor)
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (12 Jul 2022) by Piero Lionello
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (29 Jul 2022)
ED: Reconsider after major revisions (further review by editor and referees) (29 Jul 2022) by Piero Lionello
AR by Chuan Li on behalf of the Authors (25 Aug 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (07 Sep 2022) by Piero Lionello
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (30 Sep 2022)
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (09 Oct 2022) by Piero Lionello
AR by Chuan Li on behalf of the Authors (19 Oct 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (24 Oct 2022) by Piero Lionello
ED: Publish as is (24 Oct 2022) by Piero Lionello(Executive Editor)

Journal article(s) based on this preprint

Chuan Li et al.

Chuan Li et al.

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The requested preprint has a corresponding peer-reviewed final revised paper. You are encouraged to refer to the final revised version.

Short summary
In this work, we examine a set of observed extreme, non-earthquake/landslide related wave runup events. Runup events with similar characteristics have previously been attributed to trapped waves over shallow bathymetry and long waves created by atmospheric disturbances. However, we find that neither mechanisms were likely at work in the observations we examined. We show that instead, these runup events were more likely due to energetic growth of bound infragravity waves.
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