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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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We analyze earthquake damage observed in Armenia, Colombia, during the 1999 event. We investigate the reasons behind the damages and the possibility of predicting them using vulnerability studies. We show that vulnerability was a major factor and that observed damage was predicted by a vulnerability study made in 1993, which sadly had no societal impact. The comparison between two vulnerability studies, in 1993 and 2004 suggest that Armenia may still be highly vulnerable to future earthquakes.
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Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-385
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-385

  21 Dec 2020

21 Dec 2020

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Vulnerability and Site Effects in Earthquake Disasters in Armenia (Colombia). II – Observed Damages and Vulnerability

Francisco J. Chávez-García1, Hugo Monsalve-Jaramillo2, and Joaquín Vila-Ortega2 Francisco J. Chávez-García et al.
  • 1Professor Instituto de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán 04510 CDMX, México
  • 2Professor Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad del Quindío, Cra. 15 #12N, Armenia, Quindío, Colombia

Abstract. Damage in Armenia, Colombia, for the 1999 (Mw6.2) event was disproportionate. We analyse the damage report as a function of number of storeys and construction age. We recovered two vulnerability evaluations made in Armenia in 1993 and in 2004. We compare the results of the 1993 evaluation with damages observed in 1999 and show that the vulnerability evaluation made in 1993 could have predicted the relative frequency of damage observed in 1999. Our results show that vulnerability of the building stock was the major factor behind damage observed in 1999. Moreover, it showed no significant reduction between 1999 and 2004.

Francisco J. Chávez-García et al.

 
Status: open (until 04 Feb 2021)
Status: open (until 04 Feb 2021)
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Francisco J. Chávez-García et al.

Francisco J. Chávez-García et al.

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Short summary
We analyze earthquake damage observed in Armenia, Colombia, during the 1999 event. We investigate the reasons behind the damages and the possibility of predicting them using vulnerability studies. We show that vulnerability was a major factor and that observed damage was predicted by a vulnerability study made in 1993, which sadly had no societal impact. The comparison between two vulnerability studies, in 1993 and 2004 suggest that Armenia may still be highly vulnerable to future earthquakes.
Citation
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