Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

IF value: 3.102
IF3.102
IF 5-year value: 3.284
IF 5-year
3.284
CiteScore value: 5.1
CiteScore
5.1
SNIP value: 1.37
SNIP1.37
IPP value: 3.21
IPP3.21
SJR value: 1.005
SJR1.005
Scimago H <br class='widget-line-break'>index value: 90
Scimago H
index
90
h5-index value: 42
h5-index42
Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-239
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-239
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  04 Aug 2020

04 Aug 2020

Review status
This preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Assessing the impact of explosive eruptions of Fogo volcano (São Miguel, Azores) on the tourism economy

Joana Medeiros1,2, Rita Carmo1,2, Adriano Pimentel1,2,3, José Cabral Vieira4, and Gabriela Queiroz1,2 Joana Medeiros et al.
  • 1Centro de Informação e Vigilância Sismovulcânica dos Açores (CIVISA), 9501-801 Ponta Delgada, Portugal
  • 2Instituto de Investigação em Vulcanologia e Avaliação de Riscos (IVAR), Universidade dos Açores, 9501-801 Ponta Delgada, Portugal
  • 3Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos (CIBIO), InBIO Laboratório Associado, Pólo dos Açores, 9501-801 Ponta Delgada, Portugal
  • 4Faculdade de Economia e Gestão da Universidade dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores, 9501-801 Ponta Delgada, Portugal

Abstract. The Azores is an active volcanic region that offers exceptional conditions for nature-based tourism, one of the main axes of economic growth in this region. A future volcanic eruption in the archipelago may have long-term consequences to this economic sector. Therefore, it is fundamental to assess its vulnerability to volcanic hazards in order to try to mitigate the associated risk. This study proposes a new approach to assess the economic impact of explosive eruptions on the tourism sector. We considered two eruptive scenarios for Fogo volcano (São Miguel Island), the most probable (VEI 4 sub-Plinian eruption) and the worst-case (VEI 5 Plinian eruption), both producing tephra fallout and PDCs. The results of numerical simulations were overlaid with tourism-related buildings and infrastructure of Vila Franca do Campo municipality to identify the elements at risk. The Loss Present Value method was used to estimate the benefits generated by the accommodation units over 30 years for different economic scenarios. The assessment of the economic impact using 2018 indicators reveals that in a near total destruction scenario the economic loss is approximately 145 million euros. Such approach can also be adopted to other volcanic regions, other geologic hazards and other economic sectors.

Joana Medeiros et al.

Interactive discussion

Status: open (until 15 Oct 2020)
Status: open (until 15 Oct 2020)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
[Subscribe to comment alert] Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

Joana Medeiros et al.

Joana Medeiros et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 237 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
204 31 2 237 2 2
  • HTML: 204
  • PDF: 31
  • XML: 2
  • Total: 237
  • BibTeX: 2
  • EndNote: 2
Views and downloads (calculated since 04 Aug 2020)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 04 Aug 2020)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 194 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 193 with geography defined and 1 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 

Cited

Saved

No saved metrics found.

Discussed

No discussed metrics found.
Latest update: 24 Sep 2020
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
This study proposes a new approach to access the economic impact of explosive eruptions on tourism sector on São Miguel Island, which uses the Loss Updated Present Value method to estimate the benefits generated by accommodation units over 30 years for different scenarios. The results reveals that in a near total destruction scenario, the economic loss is ~ 145 million euros. This method can be adopted to other volcanic regions, but also to other geological hazards and economic sectors.
This study proposes a new approach to access the economic impact of explosive eruptions on...
Citation
Altmetrics