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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-160
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-160
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  10 Jul 2020

10 Jul 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Influence of Hydrometeorological Hazards and Sea Coast Morphodynamics onto Unique Coastal Vegetation Sites Development – Cephalanthero rubraeFagetum on Wolin Island (the Southern Baltic Sea)

Jacek Tylkowski1, Marcin Winowski1, Marcin Hojan2, Paweł Czyryca1, and Mariusz Samołyk1 Jacek Tylkowski et al.
  • 1Institute of Geoecology and Geoinformation, Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences, Adam Mickiewicz University, Krygowski 10, 61-680 Poznan, Poland
  • 2Institute of Geography, Department of Landscape Geography, Kazimierz Wielki University, Koscieleckich Square 8, 85-033 Bydgoszcz, Poland

Abstract. Climate changes, sea transgression and sea coast erosion observed today cause dynamic changes in coastal ecosystems. In the elaboration, cause and effect interrelations between abiotic hazards (hydrometeorological conditions and sea coast morphodynamics) and biotic (Cephalanthero rubraeFagetum phytocoenosis) components of natural environment have been defined. An up-to-date phytosociological analysis of a very valuable Cephalanthero rubraeFagetum site on cliff tableland was conducted in the context of hitherto temporal variability of climatic conditions and the rate of cliff coast recession. Also, the development prognosis of the researched site in the 21st century is provided, with respect to the expected climate changes and cliff's morphodynamics. The conducted research actions revealed the influence of global hazards (e.g., climate changes, sea transgression and sea coast erosion) onto changes in natural environment on regional scale (with the example of the site of Cephalanthero rubraeFagetum on cliff coast of Wolin Island in Poland). It has been established that in the 21st century, a relatively larger hazard to the functioning of the researched site are climate changes, not the sea coast erosion.

Jacek Tylkowski et al.

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Jacek Tylkowski et al.

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Short summary
The manuscript describes the relationship between weather conditions, sea level changes and the rate of the receding sea shore and the state of the orchid beech plant community (Baltic Sea coast, Poland, Wolin Island). The orchid beech habitat (Cephalanthero rubraeFagetum type) on the Wolin Island is the only well-known site in the world. It was found that the functioning of the orchid beech habitat in the 21st century, climate changes are a relatively greater threat than sea shore erosion.
The manuscript describes the relationship between weather conditions, sea level changes and the...
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